Neville Prior

European Commission restricts usage of 3 preservatives in cosmetics

Neville Prior  30 September 2014 03:09:06 PM
European Commission has adopted two measures restricting the use of three preservatives in cosmetic products, thus further strengthened the protection of consumers, in particular babies and young children. While the commission has reduced the permissible limits for propylparaben and butylparaben, it has banned the usage of mixture of methyl chloro isothiazolinone and methyl isothiazolinone (MCI/MI) in leave-on products such as body creams.
“We have shown once again that the safety of consumers is paramount in every decision we take. Preservatives in cosmetics serve a valuable function ensuring that the products we use on a daily basis are free from pathogens. We need however to ensure that the preservatives guarantee the maximum degree of protection. With these measures consumers can be reassured that their cosmetics are safe,” said Neven Mimica, European Commissioner for Consumer Policy.
The Commission decision follows an assessment by the independent Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety (SCCS), an advisory body which carried out a careful risk assessment of the substances before recommending their restriction or ban.
With the adopted measures the Commission limits the maximum concentration of two preservatives, propylparaben and butylparaben, from currently allowed limit of 0.4% when used individually and 0.8% when mixed with other esters, to 0.14%, when used individually or together. They are being banned from leave-on products designed for the nappy area of young children below the age of three since existing skin irritation and occlusion may allow increased penetration than intact skin. The new rules will apply for products put on shelves after April 16, 2015.
Secondly, the Commission bans the mixture of MCI/MI from leave-on products such as body creams. The measure is aimed at reducing the risk from and the incidence of skin allergies. The preservative can still be used in rinse-off products such as shampoos and shower gels at a maximum concentration of 0.0015 % of a mixture in the ratio 3:1 of MCI/MI. The measure will apply for products placed on the market after July 16, 2015.
Preservatives are important in cosmetics as they protect consumers from harmful pathogens that would otherwise invade the creams and products people use on a daily basis. Without preservatives all cosmetics would have a very short shelf life and would, in the most part, have to be stored in a fridge.
The group of chemicals known as parabens make up an important part of the preservatives which could be used in cosmetics. In addition to propylparaben and butylparaben, other parabens, like methylparaben and ethylparaben, are safe, as repeatedly confirmed by the Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety (SCCS). They are also some of the most efficient preservatives.
Earlier this year, the Commission banned the use of five other parabens in cosmetic products - isopropylparaben, isobutylparaben, phenylparaben, benzylparaben and pentylparaben due to the lack of data necessary for reassessment. Products placed on the market after October 30, 2014 will have to be free from these substances.
Cosmetic products are regulated at European level through Cosmetic Regulation (EC) No 1223/2009 to ensure consumer safety and the integrity of the internal market. Regardless of the manufacturing processes or the channels of distribution, cosmetic products placed on the EU market must be safe. The manufacturer is responsible for the safety of the products, and must ensure that they undergo an expert scientific safety assessment before they are placed on the market.
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